What is Occupational Therapy?
In its simplest terms, occupational therapy providers help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations). Common occupational therapy interventions include helping children with disabilities to participate fully in school and social situations, helping people recovering from injury to regain skills, and providing supports for older adults experiencing physical and cognitive changes. Occupational therapy services typically include:
- an individualized evaluation, during which the client/family and occupational therapist determine the person’s goals,
- customized intervention to improve the person’s ability to perform daily activities and reach the goals, and
- an outcomes evaluation to ensure that the goals are being met and/or make changes to the intervention plan.
Occupational therapy services may include comprehensive evaluations of the client’s home and other environments (e.g., workplace, school), recommendations for adaptive equipment and training in its use, and guidance and education for family members and caregivers. Occupational therapy practitioners have a holistic perspective, in which the focus is on adapting the environment to fit the person, and the person is an integral part of the therapy team. Read More...
Charlie is rocking it out and making so much progress! He has had no accidents in the past month. We are so proud of you Charlie and love getting to work with you each week!
Does my child need OT?
- Easily Distracted
- Poor Attention Span
- Overly Sensitive to Touch, Movement, Sounds or Sights
- Difficulty Accepting Change
- Doesn't Skip, Jump, or Hop on One Foot
- Activity Level Usually High or Low
- Low Muscle Tone
- Limited Play Skills
- Walks on Toes
- Picky Eater
- Walks into People or Objects Frequently
- Inability to "Unwind" or "Self-Regulate"
- Excessive Drooling
- Doesn't Chew Food Before Swallowing
- Clumsy / Uncoordinated
- Doesn't Feed Self
- Constantly Touches People or Object
- Poor Social Interaction
- Difficulty Holding a Pencil or Handwriting (3+)
Who benefits from Occupational Therapy:
Attention Deficit Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Anesthesia of Skin
Arthogryposis Multiple Congenita
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Brachial Plexus Disorder
Congenital Heart Disease
Developmental Coordination Disorder
Developmental Disorder of Motor Function
Developmental Disorder of Scholastic Skills
Ehlers Danlos Syndrome
Fragile X Syndrome
Hemiplegia (right or lefts side)
Hyposthesia of Skin
Instability of Joints
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
Lack of Coordination
Lack of Expected Normal Physiological Development
Muscle Weakness (generalized)
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Parasthesia of Skin
Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy
Sensory Integration Dysfunction
Short Gut Syndrome
Sickle Cell Disease
Spinal Cord Truma
Stiffness of Joints
Taylor Sachs Disease
Traumatic Brain Injury
Bathing / Showering
Brushing / Flossing Teeth
Caring for Skin, Ears, Eyes, and Nose
Collecting Needed Materials
Contact Lens Management
Cutting with Scissors
Empathizes with Peers and Adults
Fasteners on Clothes
Finger / Toe Nail Care
Following Directions (preferred or non-preferred)
Grading Muscle Force
Hair Management (washing, drying, combing, brushing styling and trimming hair)
Handle and Uses Tools
Identifies Sensations in Body
Initiates and Carries out Conversation
Loss of Balance
Matches Tone and Voice Level
Menstrual and Continence
Opening/Closing Doors & Drawers
Pacing Through Tasks
Personal Device Care
Play Exploration & Participation
Removing Body Hair (ex. using razor, tweezers, lotion)
Responding Appropriate to Adult Directives
Responds to Sounds Appropriately
Searching for Needed Items
Seeking Needed Verbal or Written Information
Sequencing Body Movement
Sleep Prepartion & Participation
Smooth and Timely Muscle Movements
Swallowing / Eating Food or Fluid
Toileting and Toilet Hygiene
Tolerates Textures, Touch, Messy Play
Transitions Between Tasks
Wheel Chair Mobility
⭐️Milestone Moment ⭐️
Nick met a milestone this week! Nick has a goal for shaving his facial hair. First off, he is now able to function his new electric razor. Today he also was able to get all the shaving cream off his face! Proud of you Nick and all your hard work on shaving.
The Role of Occupational Therapy With Children and Youth:
Occupational therapy practitioners work with children,youth, and their families to promote active participationin activities or occupations that are meaningful to them.Occupation refers to activities that may support thehealth, well-being, and development of an individual(AOTA, 2008). For children and youth, occupations are activities that enable them to learn and develop life skills (e.g., school activities), be creative and/or derive enjoyment (e.g., play), and thrive (e.g., self-care and care for others) as both a means and an end. Occupational therapy practitioners work with children of all ages (birth through young adulthood) and abilities. Recommended interventions are based on a thorough understanding of typical development and the impact of disability, illness, and impairment on the individual child’s development, play, learning, and overall occupational performance.Occupational therapy practitioners provide services by collaborating with other professionals to identify and meet needs of children experiencing delays or challenges in development; identifying and modifying or overcoming barriers that interfere with, restrict, or inhibit a child’s functional performance; teaching and modeling skills and strategies to children and their families to extend therapeutic intervention; and adapting activities, materials, and environmental conditions so children can participate under different conditions and in various environments.
One of Nicholas' goals is to tolerate an adult brushing his teeth for at least 10 seconds. Nicholas had difficulties allowing someone to brush his teeth when he began therapy. Now, he runs to the bathroom independently and LOVES to brush his OWN teeth! He brushes his teeth at least 3 times during therapy and shows me his pearly whites when he is done! Way to go, Nicholas!!
Way to go Kyson!! "I met another goal! I showed great improvements in my fine motor skills and strength. I love playing the popper game! I can pull them off the window and do not lose my balance at all!"
Torticollis treatment falls within the Occupational Therapy Scope of Practice due to the impact Torticollis can have on daily occupations.
Torticollis can lead to developmental delays, which makes early intervention key! Depending on the age of the child at the time of referral will depend on the time frame of services. Treatment could range anywhere from 2 months to 10 months. Surgery may be recommended after 6 to 12 months of conservative treatment.
Occupational Therapy Treatment
Occupational Therapy Providers use a varitey of exercises, stretches, and home education programs to address torticollis and other conditions that may accompany torticollis, such as plagiocephaly.
- Neck Passive Range of Motion: Activities as simple as napping on the affected side (supervised), “football” hold, and playing in side lying all address this section of treatment.
- Neck and Trunk Active Range of Motion: Supported sitting while looking towards affected side, and prone over a ball for active extension.
- Development of Symmetrical Movements: Moving arms and legs in diagonal patterns, grabbing toes, and squatting.
- Environmental Adaptations: Placement of books and toys, high chair placement, limiting carrier time, using different positioning devices.
- Parent/Caregiver Education: Tummy time for at least 1 hour every day, positioning when feeding, sleeping, and playing, and minimizing time in carriers.